Daily Health Tips: What Is This Glaucoma?


 

Have you ever heard about the eye condition known as glaucoma? Do you know someone who has this? Have you ever heard that someone was told that their eye pressure was high? Well, if you answered yes to any of these, this is for you!

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to optic (eye) nerve damage. This leads to loss of sight but this loss is gradual such that some people do not even complain until the damage is advanced.

There are two main types of glaucoma: Primary open angle glaucoma (in which there is partial blockage of the drainage system for the fluid that flows in and out of the eye leading to the fluid draining slowly) and acute angle-closure glaucoma (in which the iris bulges and closes the drainage angle). In both instances, pressure builds up in the eye due to backing up of fluid into the eyes.

Apart from these two, there are also normal tension glaucoma, in which the pressure in the eyes is normal, developmental glaucoma in which a child is born with this or develops this within the first few years of life and pigmentary glaucoma in which granules of the iris block the drainage channel akin to the system in angle closure glaucoma.

The symptoms experienced by patients differ depending on the type. Symptoms include eye pain, nausea and vomiting accompanying eye pain, blurring of vision, gradual loss of vision, eye redness, seeing halos around lights etc.

The most common cause of this nerve damage is raised pressure inside the eye. Other risk factors include family history, ethnic origin (blacks older than 40 years are more at risk), age (people older than 60 years are more at risk), pre-existing medical conditions like hypertension, heart conditions and other eye problems like eye inflammation or tumours.

Treatment is focused on reducing pressure in the eye as this condition cannot be cured; neither can the damage already done to the eye nerve be reversed. Early start of treatment can, however, lead to slowing or prevention of more visual loss. Treatment can be through eye drops, oral medications and/or surgery.

Prevention should be focused on ensuring you get regular eye checks by your doctor. Eating healthy is also helpful as you stock up on vitamins that are beneficial for sight. Exercising and reducing caffeine intake may also help.

Have a great day, everyone 😀

Here’s to a healthier you!

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2 Responses to Daily Health Tips: What Is This Glaucoma?

  1. Pingback: Daily Health Tips: Eye Drops For Cataracts? | chatwithketch

  2. Reblogged this on chatwithketch and commented:

    In honour of World Glaucoma Week, 2017

    Like

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