#HLWDK Daily Health Tips: Drugs For Amnesia

Q: Happy new month, Drug prescription for amnesia?

A: Amnesia refers to the loss of memories. People with amnesia know who they are but have challenges learning new information or forming new memories.

What are the causes? They are many and diverse because brain function is controlled by many parts of the brain, such than any problem with one area affects memory. There are 3 types of amnesia:

  • Neurological amnesia– this is due to damage to the brain and can be caused by conditions such as those listed below:
    • Stroke
    • Inadequate oxygen supply to the brain in conditions like a heart attack
    • Thiamine deficiency from long-term alcohol use
    • Tumors in the areas of the brain associated with memory
    • Seizures
  • Permanent amnesia from severe head injuries resulting from incidents like road traffic accidents
  • Dissociative amnesia is from emotional shock or trauma. Person involved, may lose personal memories and autobiographical information, but usually only briefly.

People at risk of amnesia are those who are suffering from or had suffered any of the conditions listed for neurological amnesia

Two main features of amnesia are:

  • Retrograde amnesia, in which the patient cannot remember previously familiar information
  • Anterograde amnesia which the patient cannot absorb new information
  • Additional symptoms may include creation of false memories and confusion

To prevent amnesia,

  • Avoid excessive alcohol use.
  • Wear protective head gear when bicycling and a seat belt when driving.
  • Treat infections quickly to prevent spread to the brain.
  • Get treated immediately in the event of a stroke

You asked about drugs for treating amnesia. Unfortunately, there are none for now. However, if amnesia is caused by lack of thiamin, then replacement therapy is sufficient treatment.

Generally, treatment focuses on the memory problem and underlying diseases.

  • Technology can play a huge role here, sending out messages to remind patients of certain key activities
  • Occupational therapy, which could involve memory training

I hope this helps! 😀

 

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HLWDK Daily Health Tips: Watery Stool

Q: Doc, my daughter has been having watery faeces. It’s been five days and not stopping. I also went to clinic but she’s active and she still eats her food. I’m nervous; tell me any home remedies I can give her Doc

A: Hi dear, thanks for writing in. You didn’t tell me how old your baby is, so it was difficult to figure out what age to focus on.

Generally, exclusively breast fed babies may pass stool a couple of times during the day to lots of time (it might even be after every meal :D).  You’re still getting to know your baby and so you should look out for the normal consistency of his stools and the frequency. Diarrhea is usually rare in exclusively breast fed children because you’ve cut off all the middle men like bottles and teats etc that could have been reservoirs of infection. Having said that, watch out for signs like blood or mucous in stool, explosive green stools and foul smelling stools. How can this occur in exclusively breast fed babies? It may be due to an infection (viral and bacterial), food allergy to something the mother ate, it may be due to food poisoning in the mum or perhaps the mother had taken antibiotics. If in doubt as to whether the stools appear normal or as they have been since birth, please see your baby’s doctor. If your baby has diarrhea, he/she should be rehydrated as quickly as possible. The first way is to continue breastfeeding even before going to the hospital. This also provides valuable antibodies that help the baby fight diseases.

Diet affects our breast milk and by extension, baby. These are foods to avoid or limit their consumption while breast feeding:

Caffeine in coffee (try decaffeinated and stick with 2 small tea cups), energy drinks, some soft drinks etc This makes the baby irritable and by extension, makes sleep difficult for the baby. Now, you don’t want that, do you?

Alcohol: This should be avoided at all costs.

Cigarette (yeah, yeah, I know it’s not food) should also be avoided as it reduces the production of breast milk.

If baby reacts to what the mother ate, efforts should be made to pinpoint what the mother ate before the incident started and then eliminating that from the diet to see if the diarrhea or allergy stops.

Make sure that you eat well: lots of fruits and vegetables and complex carbohydrates. Cut out the junk which will not help you achieve your weight loss goals and in addition have empty calories. And drink sufficient fluids daily.

Be careful before taking any drug as most find their way into your baby.

For older children, hygiene may be critical. Did you know that research shows that one out of every five people do not wash their hands after using the toilet. Then, 40% of people wash their hands for less than 10 seconds…and yet, you need at least 20 seconds to get your hands all squeaky clean! Finally, men are twice as likely not to wash their hands with soap or hand wash! Oh dear, just think about all the people we shake hands with, trusting and hoping that their hands are clean!

Diseases like respiratory infections and diarrhea cause up to 20 percent of the burden of disease in children. It has been found that in places where hand washing was instituted, this burden of disease has been cut by about 50%. This is a huge number…from hand washing alone! In hospitals, it was also found that the spread of hospital-acquired infections was encouraged by lack of hand washing and so WHO instituted a global campaign for health workers clearly specifying when hands have to be washed.

So, practical lessons: mums wash your hands before you make your baby’s/family’s food, after you change baby’s diaper, after you blow your nose, after cleaning etc. Ensure that people don’t come in from the market (or wherever) and head straight to pick up your baby and kiss your baby…no matter how well meaning their gestures might be. Encourage them to wash their hands before they do so…or you could buy a hand sanitizer and get them to use it on their hands before picking up your precious bundle of joy. It may be awkward when you start off insisting on these, but pretty soon everyone gets used to it…trust me, I know from personal experience 😀 (I probably got away with more because my in-laws probably just thought I was a weird Okoro girl). Tips: remember that sanitizers are only useful for hands that are not visibly dirty. For visibly dirty hands, you’ve got to wash! Also remember that when choosing the sanitizer, look for products that have up to 60 percent alcohol and ensure that when you use it, you rub until your hands are dry.

We should ensure that we teach children and indeed remind ourselves to wash hands after playing or doing stuff outside the house, before eating, after using the toilet, after playing with pets or disposing of their wastes (in fact children should not be encouraged to play too close to their kennels or sheds), before cooking and even after handling dirty laundry! The list is endless…but that’s also because the possible means of contaminating our hands are endless and the germs find easy routes into the body once we touch our hands, mouths, eyes etc. So we can’t be too careful…and just in case you wondered, ‘no, you don’t have to wear a face mask and/or gloves all the time’ to protect you from the many germs that exist! 😀 That might be…well, for want of a better word, perhaps just a teensy weensy bit extreme! 😀

Finally, remember that hand washing, to be done right, has to be with soap! If you haven’t washed with soap, you haven’t really done much. Tips for effective hand washing: wet your hands with water, apply soap, then scrub thoroughly paying attention to your nail beds, in between fingers, palms and back of hands. Then rinse thoroughly before drying your hands.

Well, if you’re one of those who do not wash your hands after using the bathroom/toilet, let’s encourage you to start washing today.

Sleep tight, y’all J

 

 

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Music and heart health – Harvard Health

You always knew music was good for the soul. But did you know it was good for your heart too? Read!

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/music-and-heart-health-2018060713962

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Pineapple Banana Smoothie

chatwithketch

Bananas are healthy not just because they help with muscle cramps and lower blood pressure, but also because they contain Manganese and Vitamin B which release Serotonin…the feel good hormone. Nothing like a feel-good boost when you are dealing with stress #DreamYourDream

What you need?
2 medium sized bananas
One small pineapple
Smoothie maker and/or blender

Preparation
Wash pineapple thoroughly.
Peel the back and add to the smoothie maker.
Set aside the juice from this process.
Add peeled bananas to the blender
Add pineapple juice from smoothie-maker to bananas in the blender
Whizz it all up in the blender.
Pour out into a tall glass cup!
If you don’t have a smoothie maker, blend up your bananas and pineapples together. You may need to add some water to this and the final texture may be chewy with fibre from the pineapples…but nonetheless, delicious!
Relax and enjoy!

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#HLWDK Daily Health Tips: Diabetic Wound Or Not?

Q: Hi doc, I’m 37, and I have a high blood sugar. My doctor say I should place myself on a diet., but I don’t know how to do it . Please Doc can you help me? Because I have wound on my leg but not diabetic wound. It has been there on my leg as a result of poison before the high blood sugar issue and now the wound refuse to go. Please what should i do . Please help me

A: Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood either due to a lack of insulin (Type 1) or a resistance to the effect of insulin. What is insulin and why is it so important? Every food we eat is ultimately converted to a form of sugar. Once this sugar gets into the blood, insulin is produced by the pancreas to help take the glucose into the cells where they are to be used. In Diabetes, the body does not make any or enough insulin to move the glucose into the cells or the cells become resistant to the effect of insulin such that there is excess glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia).

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) arises due to this excessive blood sugar that affects nerves that control involuntary body functions. PN can manifest in several ways like excessive sweating, reduced sensation in the hands and feet (such that these people can easily get injured without knowing and the reduced blood flow in the area, makes wound healing poor), constipation, bloating, reduced ability to identify the symptoms of full bladder (with resultant frequent urinary tract infections) and reduced ability to recognize even the symptoms of low blood sugar.

I know all of that sounds very scary…but good control of your blood glucose will help counteract the effects above. Your doctor may also prescribe medications with time. You need to work with your doctor to ensure that your blood glucose is kept normal.In your case, even if you already had a wound, if your blood glucose control is not good, wound healing would be poor and prolonged. Before you conclude that the wound was due to poison, let your doctor check it out. Remember that though there was a specific day when you were diagnosed as diabetic, it does not mean that the disease was not present in your body before, doing damage. That may very well be the ‘poison‘that caused the wound. How to tame your blood sugar? It’s a mix of two things: keep lean and keep active.
Keeping lean involves eating healthy, more veggies and fruits. Remember that because fruits are also high in natural sugars, they have to form part of your daily calorie amount. Be sure to check with your dietician who will give you a proper diet plan. Eat more complex carbs like beans, sweet potatoes, whole wheat cereals, oat meal etc.

How can we make healthy foods the easier choice? Surround yourself with the right foods. Fresh fruits, veggies, dried fruits (which can also be added t nuts), nuts, dairy like yoghurt etc Then make the right choices. It’s one thing to buy up all the healthy things that have been suggested, it’s another to eat them and not reach for the doughnut that your colleague just brought into the office. In our high powered, we-are-all-busy-racing-to-somewhere world, eating breakfast may sound like a luxury, few can afford, but guess what? Studies have shown that eating breakfast may reduce the risk of obesity and Diabetes. So, whether you’re skipping breakfast because you think you don’t have time or because you want to lose weight by kipping meals, it’s bad news. So, how can you ensure that you’re not only eating breakfast but eating the right foods?

For a healthy breakfast on the run, try oatmeal. Oatmeal is always a great idea. Rich in fiber which reduce cholesterol and help protect your heart and keeps you feeling fuller for longer. If you’re not a huge fan of oatmeal, you could sprinkle some cinnamon on it and be sure to take with skimmed milk. Another idea for oatmeal I learnt from a chef is overnight oats. Soak your oats with milk and unsweetened yoghurt overnight (just enough to cover the oats). Cover and leave in the fridge overnight. In the morning, bring out and sprinkle some cinnamon, add some apple or banana slices, a couple of nuts (optional)…and you’ve got a delicious bowl of healthy deliciousness in your hands! Some whole wheat/grain cereals (unsweetened) also not go amiss. Whole grain bread with peanut or almond butter (peanut butter is just ground up peanuts or groundnuts), an egg with a cup of fresh juice or some fruit slices also sounds good If you want to go for a smoothie, be sure to add some veggies (carrots, a handful of green leafy veggies etc) to ensure it is super healthy and not just another sugar rush 😀

 

You’ve got to keep your weight within normal limits. The BMI is a good place to start. BMI is a simple calculation: weight in kg/height x height. Now, if math is not your favourite subject, you can simply go online and google ‘online bmi calculator’. There are lost of them and these calculators will do the work for you 😀 If your BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9, then you’re fine. If your BMI is 25 to 29.9, then you are overweight. Any BMI from 30 and above is obesity.

You can substitute some unhealthy foods with healthier versions. Please click on this link for more on these:
https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/12/10/daily-health-tips-healthier-substitutes-for-foods-we-love/

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/11/27/daily-health-tips-weight-loss-revisited/

 

Keeping active refers to ensuring you have at least 150 minutes of exercise/activity weekly. For tips on how to incorporate activity into your day, please click on these:

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2013/12/09/daily-health-tips-fun-ways-to-exercise/

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/05/18/daily-health-tips-is-it-possible-to-actually-enjoy-exercise/

Have a super-fabulous weekend 😀

 

 

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Is stress making your allergy symptoms worse? – Harvard Health

Try stress reduction to improve your quality of life and potentially relieve allergy symptoms.’ Want to know how? Read this!

https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/is-stress-making-your-allergy-symptoms-worse

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#HLWDK Daily Health Tips: Frequent Fever And Urination

 

Q: Good evening Doc. How’s family and the ministry? God will keep sustaining you, Amen. Please ma’am, help, I always feel like am running temperature. Sometimes, I will treat malaria and even shortly after, I will treat typhoid but before you say Jack, am back with the feeling again. I am AA O+. Secondly, I urinate frequently. As much as 4 times at night and 10 times during the day. Please reply, what could be wrong?

A: Amen to your prayer! Thanks for writing in.

First thing about this body temperature is to check it objectively. This, of course is done with a thermometer. Technically, any temperature above the normal 37.2C is considered fever but when the temperature hits about 39C, it is an emergency. Causes of fever typically include infections (viral or bacterial), some drugs, some vaccinations, heat exhaustion etc But like I said earlier, the first action to take is to confirm whether you actually have a fever.

Frequent urination may actually be due to the simple fact that you’re drinking way too much fluid. However, where this is not the case, it is likely to be due to a health problem.

Some causes of frequent urination include:

  • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Some medications
  • Drinks that contain caffeine, alcohol etc
  • Infections that occur along the urinary tract or changes to the bladder
  • Infection or enlargement of the prostate
  • Disease conditions like Diabetes Mellitus etc
  • Some cancer treatment eg radiation treatment for the lower abdomen

 

If this is due to excessive fluid intake, limiting this will help. If this symptom is associated with others like difficulty with urination, pain during urination, passing out bloody urine, incomplete emptying of bladder when urinating etc, please see your doctor asap.

Just go and see your doctor. He will take a good history, examine you and order some investigations. The treatment of course will depend on the cause of the problem.

For related posts, please click on the following:

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/10/02/daily-health-tips-urinary-tract-infections-in-men/

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/07/09/daily-health-tips-why-do-i-have-pain-when-urinating/

 

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/02/20/daily-health-tips-train-that-leaking-bladder/

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/06/15/daily-health-tips-prostate-enlargement/

https://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/06/16/daily-health-tips-more-on-the-prostate-gland/

Have a good night, people 😀

 

 

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