Daily Health Tips: Why Do I Have Bloodshot Eyes?

Q: Good afternoon, Doctor. I just want to know what is happening. I woke up two days ago with blood shot in my left eye. I’m not feeling any pain or discomfort

A: A red eye can give you cause for serious concern especially if it happens when you can’t really attribute any event/trauma to it…and then it’s also not painful. What on earth could it be?! :D

Usually, the white of the eye (sclera) is covered by a transparent membrane with a rich blood supply, called the conjunctiva. This membrane can be infected/ irritated or blood vessels under it can burst leading to painless red eyes.

Irritation of the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis) could be due to an infection, allergy, chlorine (remember those blood shot eyes after swimming? :D), dust etc

Conjunctivitis due to viruses tends to affect one eye first and then spread to the other eye…helped along by people rubbing their red eyes and then touching the other eye.

Conjunctivitis caused by bacteria can usually be recognized by the presence of sticky eye discharge which crusts around the edges of the eye.

Conjunctivitis caused by allergies usually affect both eyes and causes significant itching.

A burst blood vessel causes a condition known as sub-conjunctivial haemorrhage (this simply means bleeding under the conjunctiva). This can be caused by coughing or straining.

Treatment of conjunctivitis may involve the use of eye drops. Remember not to prescribe them for yourself…that’s what your doctor is there for ;)

Other measures include placing cool face towels or flannels to the eye to soothe it, not sharing towels, pillows/pillowcases, staying away from make-up at this time (I feel you, girl friend! Imagine going out without putting your face on! Whaaat!!!!), staying of contacts, if you use them and don’t forget to keep your hands off your face.
Burst blood vessels would usually resolve on their own.

Burst vessels usually require no treatment and resolve within 7 to 14 days.

Now, if you develop pain or find that your vision is affected, please see your doctor. It could be any number of issues including glaucoma, sty ( a small lump/boil at the edge of the eye lid), foreign body in the eye etc.

So, be sure to see your doctor so he can make a diagnosis of your condition and I’m sure you’ll be bright eyed in no time!

Sleep tight, y’all…and don’t let the bed bugs bite :D

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Daily Health Tips: What’s The Normal Body Temperature?

Good day doc, please kindly respond to my question this time. What does it mean when one’s temperature is below 37C? What is the normal human body temperature? For up to a month now, my temperature has been 34C or less and it’s beginning to get me really worried. Please I eagerly await your response and God bless you as you do so.

A: Amen and apologies if it took a while to get to you :D

Good question! Ever since Ebola hit these shores, body temperature has been on the front burner. Vendors of infra-red thermometers have done brisk business; business premises are manned by security personnel wielding the temperature guns, as I like to call them. I have engaged some of them in Q and A sessions :D asking them what temperatures they were looking out for. One told me that a temperature of 40 degrees Centigrade was a red flag and the others generally agreed that above 37 degrees was the red flag. Now the first guy is not wrong…only that by the time the temperature is that high, the situation is indeed critical and a very serious cause for concern! At this time, we are talking heat stroke (hyperthermia)! So, looking out for temperatures of 3rd and above is a good reference point.

Body temperature is usually a range from 36.1 to 37.2C and the read temperature depends on the area of the body where the temperature was checked (underarm temperature is about 0.5C less than the core temperature eg one taken under the tongue), the time of the day (usually lower in the mornings as your day starts), age (older people have lower temperatures) and the activities they’ve been involved in prior to checking the temperature.

Temperatures lower than 35C are usually seen as low (hypothermia). Exposure to cold temperatures can trigger this. Extremes of age (the very young and the very old), homeless people, people who abuse alcohol and people who spend a long period of time in cold weather are prone to this condition. So have you recently travelled to a cold region? Have you changed offices and moved to an office where the Air Conditioner temperature is very low? Are you dressing warmly enough for your environment? Are you getting soaked with water (rain, perhaps) often and not drying off properly?

If none of the above applies to you, then you may need to see your doctor to explore other possibilities like Diabetes, Hypothyroidism or even your use of some medications.

Prevention depends on which of the causes above applies to you. If you’re constantly exposed to cold air, dress in layers, eg wear a camisole, then a tank top, then a top, then a sweat shirt etc That way, you can take off the outer layers if you feel the weather getting warmer. If you get drenched in water, dry off as soon as possible, increase the temperature of the Air Conditioner so that it’s not too cold or use a heater in winter etc.

Have a good night, y’all :D

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Daily Health Tips: I’m Not Comfortable With How Fat My Fiancée Is. Any Magic Pill For Him?

Q: Good afternoon Ma’am. My fiancee is fat and I’m not comfortable with it. Also, our traditional marriage is due this December. Can you prescribe a diet or drug for him to slim down? I will surely appreciate it if you respond to my message. And also I watched your programme on Silverbird yesterday about proteins. Ma’am instead of wheat and egusi soup can one eat ground oats and egusi…which one is better?

A: Now, this certainly sounds like a woman who knows what she wants and is not afraid to say so :D So, fiancee dear, you’d better watch out and do something about that weight fast! :D

Okay, more seriously…have you shared your concerns with him? Did he recently start adding weight or has he been like that al along? I’m not asking to pass judgement really….because there’s no law against changing your mind about what you like or don’t like :) But perhaps, if you shared your concern with him, he would want to do something about this. He needs to understand that this is something very important to you and your future life together

To practical solutions, there’s no magic wand tablet that makes it all go away. Hmmm, that’s not really true, so I’ll re – phrase. There are a number of take-a-tablet-daily-for-10-days-and-you’ll-lose-all-that-weight-in-the-same-period tablets and fad diets, but what these tablets and diets do is that they make you lose a lot a lot of water weight, which makes you feel like you’re losing weight and then once you go off the tabs or fad diet, you pile it all on again. So, the only solution I proffer is plain hard work.

Now, this is where you come in. You can get your fiancee to live healthier in a fun way. You can register both of you for a dance class. It’s a fun way of bonding with him while losing oodles of calories. You can also take evening walks daily when he comes visiting and when you’re not together, encourage him to do same. Visit his house and make things a bit more inaccessible to encourage him to move eg maybe move the water dispenser to a farther point (so he has to walk further to get water) etc. Make him understand the importance of activity, at least, 30 minutes everyday.

For food, remember the architecture of a healthy plate? Half of It should be filled with fruits and veggies, a quarter with complex carbs like oatmeal, sweet potatoes, local rice etc and the last quarter filled with protein (preferably white protein like chicken and fish). Get him to buy healthier snacks to keep around the house for when he wants to snack, work with him on trying out healthier methods of cooking etc

More importantly, reassure him of your love and the fact that you want to grow old with him. You want him to live long enough to see your children (teach them to play soccer, walk them down the aisle when they are getting married etc), your grandchildren and indeed, great grandchildren:D

For more on weight loss, please click on the links below:

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/04/28/daily-health-tips-what-drugs-can-help-me-burn-fat/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2013/11/30/daily-health-tip-weight-loss-facts-and-fiction/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/08/25/daily-health-tips-can-i-lose-weight-by-taking-hot-drink-and-lemon/

I’m sure it will all work out. Congratulations in advance :D

And yes, you can have oatmeal and Egusi…awesome combination :)

Good night, y’all :D

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Daily Health Tips: Is It Okay To Give My Baby Teething Powder At 3 Months?

Q: Good evening, ma’am. Please, is it too early for a 3-month old baby to use teething drugs?

A: It’s not so much about whether it’s early but more about whether it should be given at all. Please don’t.

If your baby is teething, use a clean wash cloth wrapped around your finger to help massage the area. Or buy a teething ring and give your baby. If refrigerated, it helps cool and calm the area.
Paracetamol is helpful if baby is running a fever but remember that fever is not a regular feature of teething. This only happens from bacterial infections from babies picking up dirty things and putting them in their mouths.

Teething powders and solutions haven’t been proven to help teething and may actually contain some substances that could be injurious to the baby.

For more on teething, please click on the links below:

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/02/15/daily-health-tips-is-my-baby-teething-too-early/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/01/06/daily-health-tips-teething-in-babies/

Have a great week ahead, y’all :D

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Loya Saturday Challenge: Stand a chance to win N2000!

For a chance to win N2000, please answer the following questions:

A) What is osteoporosis?

B) How do milk and other calcium products help to prevent this?

The first person to answer correctly, will win our prize.

Terms and conditions:
Answers are based on tips given on our TV show, Tips For Healthy Living With Dr Ketch.

Participants must be fans of this page. If you’re not a fan, like our page to qualify.

The first correct answer is the winner of the prize.

Only one answer per participant will be accepted.

If a participant provides more than one answer, the first answer will be used.

Edited answers will be disqualified.

This challenge lapses by 11.59 pm on Monday the 15th of September, 2014.

So, what are you waiting for?! Best of luck, guys!

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Daily Health Tips: I’m A Breastfeeding Mother Who Just Developed A Painful Lump in My Breast. Could It Be Cancer?

Q: Hi Doc. I am a breastfeeding mom and l have discovered l have a painful lump in one of my breasts, Could it be cancer? Should l stop breastfeeding?

A: Painful lumps in the breasts of breastfeeding mums may be blocked milk ducts. Usually your milk ducts block if you’re making milk faster than you’re expressing it and indeed you should feel some relief every time you breastfeed from that breast…so stopping breastfeeding may just be making a bad matter already worse :D

What causes this milk duct to block? It could be that your baby is not latching on well to the breast and thus not sucking enough from that breast. It could be that you don’t feel well and are not feeding baby often enough, or you decided to wean baby suddenly. Other causes include tight nursing bra, sleeping on your tummy, a nursing pump that’s not powerful enough, a blow to the breast or it could just be that a feed was skipped.
Solutions? Nurse your baby some more, ever so often….especially from that particular breast ;) Yes I said that. Baby sucks hardest then and hopefully that strong sucking action would dislodge the plug. Otherwise try a nursing pump or just use your hands to express the milk.

Placing warm towels on the affected area may also help the breast milk flow faster and thus dislodge the plug.
Rest as much as possible, eat healthy (loads of fruits and veggies) and use pain relief, like Paracetamol, if needed.

If this condition is not handled immediately, it could lead to an infection of that duct (mastitis) such that the skin over that area feels hot to touch, reddens, mum feels feverish, ill and aches all over. This infection is usually treated with a course of antibiotics, which will be prescribed by your doctor.
So, if you try all the suggestions above and don’t improve, please see your doctor to confirm if this is an infection or indeed something else.

Have a great weekend, y’all :D

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Daily Health Tips: Is It Bad To Let My 2-Year Old Son Swallow His Toothpaste?

Q: Good evening, Dr ketch. You are so wonderful. I enjoy your programme. My 2-year old boy swallows toothpaste when I am brushing his mouth. He always refuses to rinse his mouth too. Please what is the side effect of this?
A: Thanks for writing in about this very common mistake that a lot of mothers, unknowingly allow their children to make. So, you’re not alone :D

The main reason why it’s not a good idea to swallow toothpaste is because of the fluoride in it. In small quantities, fluoride is great for teeth and prevents tooth decay by becoming part of the structure of developing teeth and by covering the surface of the teeth when it comes in contact with it. However, excessive amounts can lead to dental fluorosis, a situation in which there whitish splotches on the teeth and in really bad cases, black and brown staining of teeth with crumbling of the enamel. Other conditions associated with too much fluoride include, skin rashes and even fluoride poisoning which can show up as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting etc.

How do you stop this from happening?

First you have to make sure that you put only a small amount of paste on the toothbrush (pea-size…like the size of a corn seed). This reduces the amount of foam formed, and thus reduces the amount of fluoride the child can swallow.

Go for children’s tooth paste as they use smaller amounts of fluoride
Then be sure to supervise your child’s brushing from 2 years (when they able to spit) to 6 years to ensure that they brush well and that they spit out. You must also ensure that the mouth is rinsed, otherwise all that fluoride will be swallowed.

Remember that caring for your baby’s teeth starts even before the first tooth sprouts. At this time, a wet wash cloth wrapped round your finger does a great job of cleaning your baby’s mouth and gum.
As the teeth sprout, use a baby tooth brush and ‘barely-there’ (teensy-weensy amount of) toothpaste to clean baby’s teeth.

Have a great night, y’all :D

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