Daily Health Tips: What Are The First Symptoms Of HiV/AIDS?

Q: Please, I just want to know, the first symptoms of HIV…. I need awareness

A: HIV-Human Immunodeficiency virus is a virus quite different from other viruses in its structure and how it attacks the cells of the body .It affects the CD4 cells in the body. These CD4 cells serve as the soldiers of the body, fighting and defending it from disease organisms. When HIV infects these cells the body loses its ability to defend itself so all kinds of diseases which ordinarily would have been taken care of now have the opportunity to affect the multiple systems of the body.

The initial symptoms of HIV are symptoms that can be seen also in other diseases, that means you can have similar symptoms in any other disease.

These include fever, flu like symptoms (cold, catarrh, cough), sweat, fatigue, diarrhea, aches and pains in the joints, headache, rashes and occasionally bleeding from the nose.

Other symptoms like oral thrush (whitish discoloration of the tongue), weight loss, chronic cough (cough lasting more than one month) and chronic diarrhea (passage of watery stools more than a month) come later in the course of the disease.

Hope this information helps.

****The answer to this question was contributed by a doctor guest blogger.

For related posts, please click on these links:
http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/07/27/daily-health-tips-how-can-i-prevent-my-unborn-baby-from-becoming-infected-with-hiv/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/08/04/daily-health-tips-can-i-get-hiv-from-oral-sex/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2014/12/01/daily-health-tips-world-aids-day-2014/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2015/02/19/daily-health-tips-should-i-marry-my-boyfriend-who-i-just-realized-is-hiv-positive/

http://chatwithdrketch.com/2013/12/04/daily-health-tip-hivaids-your-role-in-the-fight/

Have a great night, y’all :D

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Daily Health Tips: Is It Okay To Cover My Baby With An Electric Blanket?

Q: Hi Dr Ketch,is the electric blanket safe for my 4months old baby?

A: Congratulations on your new bundle of joy :D
No, the electric blanket is not ideal for your baby because of the risk of over-heating burn or even a burn. So, please don’t use it. Focus more on dressing baby warmly, avoiding clothes with long strings that may pose a strangulation risk. Whatever you do, make sure baby’s head and face are not covered. If you can get a baby sleeping bag, that would be perfect.

Now, I’ll give you some extra tips to help you and baby sleep comfortably…tonight :D

During night time feedings, keep lights low. Night lights stop you and baby from coming fully awake and so you can go back to sleep after the feed…effortlessly.

Commit to sleep and make it a priority in your life. The advice frequently given to new mothers to get some sleep when the baby is asleep, may appear clichéd and ‘an old wives’ tale, but is useful.

Give yourself permission to let some things go and don’t feel the pressure to catch up on all your emails, text messages, house shores when he’s asleep.

Remember that good sleep starts before you’re actually trying to fall sleep. Ensure you start winding down your day early enough so you can get to sleep early at night. Ensure you’re not getting too wound up during the day and inhibiting your ability to sleep at night

Be intentional about sleep. As a new mother, you’ve got so many things pulling at you: night time feeds, your other children, if you’ve got them, their home work, your husband etc. So ensure that your sleep equipment – pillows, mattress pad/topper and mattress – provide the right support and comfort. Get a good pillow and comfortable mattress…it’s a worthwhile expense

Be open to alternative remedies. Create a personal spa at home: use aromatic oils at bath time and in your room. Lavendar has been found to be very helpful by some.

Feed during the day: Aim to give your baby most of his milk feeds during the day, so he doesn’t make up for it at night (and end up waking for cuddles too!).

Teach him to go to sleep by himself: Put him down when he becomes sleepy but is still awake – about 15 minutes before his usual nap time – so he learns to fall asleep without you comforting him. If you always feed, rock or cuddle your baby to help him sleep, day or night, he’ll learn to expect this.

Give him a comforter: This will act as a transitional object to help him feel secure when you’re not around. It could be a muslin square or light baby blanket – just make sure you have two for when one is in the wash!

Use music: Play lullabies or nature sounds at nap times and when your baby wakes up in the night, so you can all get your rest.

Now you’re empowered :D Go catch up on some much-needed sleep!

Have a good night y’all :D

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Random Recipes…

I learnt this from the chef on Season 1 of the Dr Ketch Show.

Oats are a great source of fibre and help reduce cholesterol levels. If you’re looking for a nutritious and filling breakfast, a bowl of oats in the morning is a good way to go. However, a lot of people find the taste bland and some others just douse the oats in sugar. The latter defeats our healthy eating purpose.

So, for a jazzed-up version of oats, try the overnight oats!

Put some oats in a bowl, add some milk and unsweetened yoghurt. If you don’t have yoghurt, milk will do.

Cover with cling film and leave in the fridge overnight. In the morning, add some fruit slices (I like apple and banana slices), add a sprinkle of cinnamon and if you want a little bit more ‘sugar’, add a couple of raisins/currants/dried fruit.

Mix it all up…tastes fabulous!

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Supplements Versus Real Food?

Q: Are supplements good alternatives to fruits and vegetables?

A: Nothing beats a healthy diet filled with fruits and vegetables to keep you healthy and able to fight all manner of diseases.

Supplements, as the name implies are meant to plug in the tiny holes that may not be completely filled by your diet. For instance, if your diet regularly misses out on dairy products despite the recommendation of at least 3 servings per day, you probably need calcium and Vitamin D supplements. If, however, you’re a junk food lover, there’s no magic pill that can take care of your problem! What you need is a menu make-over focusing on portion control and right plating with the different food groups.

Want to know how to get a menu makeover? Get details from the book, Just For The Health Of It. You can get a copy via the shop now link on our facebook page. Or you can get it through:

1) Jumia.com. Just click on this link http://www.jumia.com.ng/jumia-books-just-for-the-health-of-it-with-dr-ketch-179486.html and get a copy. You have the option of paying when the book is delivered to you or paying online. This service is available all over Nigeria.

2) Another option for those in Lagos is Laterna Bookshop on 13, Oko-Awo Close, Off Adetokunbo Ademola Street,. Victoria Island.

3) If you’re outside the country, please visit Amazon through this link http://www.amazon.com/Just-Health-Ketch-Pregnancy-Parenting/dp/9789398026/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1426246647&sr=1-1&keywords=just+for+the+health+of+it+with+dr+ketch+olalere+nkechi

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Daily Health Tips: How To Reduce Your Intake Of Saturated Fats

It’s a weekend again and a number of us will be visiting some fast food restaurants for snacks or quick eats. The problem is with the quantity of saturated fats in some of these foods. A diet rich in saturated fats is associated with heart disease. Unfortunately, this fat is super abundant in a lot of the fast foods we love and crave.

Here are some tips to help you reduce your intake of saturated fats:
 Eat more white meat eg chicken and fish. Choose the healthier cuts of chicken like the breast as opposed to the wings and drum sticks
 Choose low fat dairy products: Full cream dairy is rich in saturated fat and so from the age of 2 years, children should be switched to skimmed variety or 1 or 2% milk
 Remove the skin from chicken and trim off fats from it during preparation: I see your face already and I know some of you save the bit of chicken with the skin as the last amazing mouthful before you finish up your food :D But, here’s some news for you, it’s got loads of saturated fats
 Reduce your consumption of red meat. Most people love their red meats and cannot seem to want to substitute that with anything else. So here’s what you can do, reduce portions, trim off the fat and try out other white meats
 Use healthier oils: Using healthy oils as part of a healthy diet actually helps your health and indeed can help prevent heart diseases. Healthier oils include Olive oil, canola oil. peanut/groundnut oil etc. Olive and groundnut oils contain mono-unsaturated fatty acids and Canola oil contains poly-unsaturated fatty acids. These unsaturated fatty acids are better options than saturated fats, helping reduce the risk of heart disease.

A good tip to follow is this:
Saturated fats are usually solid at room temperature…avoid them!
Mono-unsaturated fatty acids are liquid at room temperature and cloudy when put in the refrigerator. You can use this. It’s a good replacement for saturated fats.
Poly-unsaturated fatty acids are always liquid whether they are at room temperature or in the refrigerator.

Have a great weekend, people :D

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Daily Health Tips: Frequent Penile ‘Injuries’

Q: Doctor! I enjoy your replies to people’s medical challenges. Mine is a bit troublesome because it makes me not to enjoy sex. The challenge I am facing now is that whenever I have sex, I always have an injury in form of a cut on my penis despite the fact that my partner’s sex organ is always wet with her secretions. After a while the injury will heal but whenever I have sex again, it will re-surface. I had an STI test done when I first noticed it last year but no disease was found. I’m really worried. What should I do? Is there any remedy for this? Please its urgent

A: Dear sir, sorry to know you are going through this. Sex is meant to be enjoyed by both consenting parties, and when that’s not the case it can be very disheartening. From what you’ve described it seems that the method or style of intercourse may be the predisposing factor here.

I would advise you talk with your partner first and get her opinion on how she sees your method /style. Next try to use a more subtle approach . The wear and tear of vigorous exercise on the muscles of the limbs may also explain what you are experiencing.

Also, it may be a good idea to go for a venereal disease screening (to check if you have any sexually transmitted infection) including an HIV test.

More importantly, speak to your mind. You don’t need to be anxious when you want to enjoy yourself (if it’s legitimate)…take it one step at a time and ENJOY!

***** This response was contributed by a doctor guest blogger.

Have a great night, y’all :D

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Daily Health Tips: Why Do I Shake All The Time?

Q: Dr Ketch, I am 25 years old and I’ve been feeling somehow lately.My body just starts shaking without provocation from my hand. I want 2 really know the cause because I am not old and what should I do to remedy the problem.

A: My dear young friend, your shaking is not a sign that you are getting old. It may be a few other things that could be responsible for this. Since it started just recently, I believe it’s due to something that can be taken care of.

There are a few causes of shaking or tremors as it is called medically. Tremors may be familial i.e. runs in families, with the shaking noticed more when stretching out the hands or carrying out an activity; there are usually no other problems associated with it.

Tremors could also be a sign of some abnormalities in the body’s functioning – endocrine abnormality. Here there is shaking especially in the hands, fast racing heart beat, which the individual can hear, sleeping problems, excessive sweating and possibly a neck swelling.

Certain drugs can also cause tremors.

Liver, kidney or long standing lung diseases also causes.

Alcohol intoxication, withdrawal from hard drugs, Parkinson’s disease (a disorder of certain substances in the brain), and even anxiety or panic attacks (fear of places, situations or circumstances, which exceeds that which can ordinarily be explained) are some other causes.

Remember when you had to write an exam which was all important to you and your parents, or present something in front of the class or assembly for the first time…shaky, weren’t you?

I may not be able to identify the cause of your symptoms, but I would advise you take some time off. Stress, if you are undergoing any form of it, (physical, emotional, or psychological) could be the source of this problem. It’s time to sit back, identify the likely causes and address them from within you to the outward.

For those things/issues you cannot resolve immediately, hand them over to God and leave them with Him. Exercise is also a good way to relax and relieve stress. But most importantly visit your doctor who would evaluate you, identify the possible cause of the shaking, and recommend appropriate treatment.

Hope this helps. Best wishes.

***** This post was contributed by a doctor guest blogger.

Have a great night, people :D

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